1. How does scripture view men and women with regard to leadership in the church?
2. How does scripture view men and women with regard to leadership in a family unit?
We opened our discussion with a story about a congregation calling a new pastor and some of the discussion of the pastor being a female. One of the congregation members brought up 1 Timothy 2:11-14.
11 Women should learn quietly and submissively. 12 I do not let women teach men or have authority over them.[a] Let them listen quietly. 13 For God made Adam first, and afterward he made Eve. 14 And it was not Adam who was deceived by Satan. The woman was deceived, and sin was the result. (NLT)
Other scholars and leaders believe the author's words rise above a particular context and apply across cultures and centuries, much like the words of Jesus throughout the gospels.
There are of course examples of women leading, in both the Old Testament and the New Testament. Here are a few you can check out. Miriam- Exodus 15, Deborah- Judges 4-5, Huldah- 2 Kings 22, Anna (Luke 2), Priscilla- Acts 18, Pheobe, Junia, and others- Romans 16.
As for home leadership, some Christians believe God designed men and women with equal value but to play different roles, in particular in the husband-wife relationship and the leadership of the family overall.
For example, read Ephesians 5:22-23:
22 For wives, this means submit to your husbands as to the Lord. 23 For a husband is the head of his wife as Christ is the head of the church. He is the Savior of his body, the church.24 As the church submits to Christ, so you wives should submit to your husbands in everything. (NLT)